When you think about your oral health, the state of your gums may not be the first thing on your mind. Nevertheless, periodontal disease is a serious condition that can cause significant discomfort and tooth loss, among other symptoms. The disease develops when oral bacteria build up in your mouth and form pockets in your gums. Without treatment, the pockets will grow larger, and your gums will start to recede away from your dental roots. Fortunately, we can effectively treat periodontal disease at our Chino, CA practice. At Value Dental Centers Chino, we perform scaling and root planing to eliminate oral bacteria and help reverse the effects of gum disease. We also offer a variety of dental restorations to replace missing teeth.
The Stages of Periodontal Disease
If you do not brush and floss properly, or if you neglect your routine cleanings and exams, bacteria will accumulate in your mouth. Initially, they will group along your gum line. This condition is called gingivitis, and it can cause mild inflammation and, occasionally, slight bleeding. Gingivitis is easy to treat with a routine dental cleaning.
On the other hand, when you do not seek treatment in a timely manner, the bacteria will multiply and form pockets in your gums. This condition is known as periodontitis. As the bacteria continue to spread, the pockets will grow larger. Eventually, they may recede so much that your teeth will loosen or come out. Other symptoms of periodontitis include severe bleeding, sensitivity, redness, and even jawbone recession.
Who Is at Risk for Periodontal Disease?
Insufficient oral hygiene is the biggest reason that patients develop gum disease. However, there are several other considerations that can raise your risk for the condition. For example, if you have a family history of gum disease, you are more likely to develop the disease yourself. To determine your genetic risk for periodontal disease, we can perform an oral DNA test. This test is easy, and you will simply need to give a saliva sample. If we determine that you are likely to develop periodontitis, we can suggest appropriate preventive care, such as more frequent cleanings.
Advanced age or a compromised immune system can also increase your risk for gum disease, since your body will be less capable of fighting off harmful bacteria. Again, more aggressive prevention can help to protect your smile.
Treatment Options for Periodontal Disease
If you have already developed periodontitis, we may recommend scaling and root planing (i.e., a deep cleaning). During this procedure, your dentist or hygienist will remove the pockets of bacteria from your gums. Additionally, your practitioner will smooth your tooth roots, eliminating the rough spots where bacteria can collect. We use powerful local anesthesia, so you should feel almost nothing during your treatment. At the same time, if you are nervous, we can provide IV sedation to alleviate your anxiety.
Once all bacteria is gone, we will provide appropriate treatment to repair your smile. We offer a full range of restorations made from advanced materials. If applicable, we will help you choose the right type to replace your missing teeth. Options include traditional bridges and dentures, as well as implant-supported restorations.